PetaLinux Build Guide for Ultra96-V2 Avnet out of box BSP 2018.3

Updated: May 7



Build Steps


System Requirements

  • Host OS: Ubuntu 16:04 LTS

  • CPU: 4 core or more recommended

  • RAM: Minimum 8GB

  • Storage: 30GB or more

  • Internet Connection

Download Required Files


Download petalinux 2018.3 installer

https://www.xilinx.com/member/forms/download/xef.html?filename=petalinux-v2018.3-final-installer.run


Download Avnet out of box BSP 2018.3

ultra96v2_oob_2018_3.zip (Unzip this file in the Downloads folder for use in a later step)


Prepare ubuntu build environment.


Install dependent packages

sudo apt-get install gawk xvfb chrpath socat autoconf libtool git texinfo zlib1g-dev gcc-multilib libsdl1.2-dev libglib2.0-dev

Install Library

sudo apt-get install libncurses5-dev libncursesw5-dev libssl-dev zlib1g:i386

Install Minicom so you can view output from JTAG

sudo apt-get install minicom


Install PetaLinux SDK


Change the access permissions to the file "petalinux-v2018.3-final-installer.run" which should be in your Downloads folder using the command:

chmod +x petalinux-v2018.3-final-installer.run

Run the installer - you may change the directory to whatever folder you want:


./petalinux-v2018.3-final-installer.run /opt/pkg/petalinux/2018.3 

Accept License Agreements when prompted. (NOTE: you need to view each document and confirm with "y" to move on - Hit "g" between documents to skip to the next one)


Build The PetaLinux Distribution

Create a new project

  • Setup PetaLinux Environment by setting the source path to the version of PetalLinux you're using as you may have more than one version installed. Here is a sample pathway to the install we did earlier.

source /opt/pkg/petalinux/2018.3/settings.sh 
  • Create Project from Ultra96 BSP where --name is the name of your new project (You should run this command in your project folders and this will create a new folder with your project name)

petalinux-create -t project -s ~/Downloads/ultra96v2_oob_2018_3.bsp --name Ultra96_V2    

NOTE: The path is the folder you downloaded the file in the previous step and the name will create a new folder with that project name

Start the Build


Change folders to your new project folder

cd Ultra96_V2

Build the project

petalinux-build

Create BOOT.BIN


petalinux-package --boot --fsbl images/linux/zynqmp_fsbl.elf --fpga images/linux/system.bit --pmufw images/linux/pmufw.elf --u-boot

Flash micro-SDCard


**All files required for this step will be present at /images/linux/ once the build is completed**

First format the SD card properly, then we will copy the files to the SD card.

Software

The software required for this tutorial is:

Etcher -- https://etcher.io/

Decompression utility, such as 7-zip

Image archive from http://avnet.me/ultra96-v2-oob (This is a factory image that can be used in the Etcher Tool)


NOTE: This method is used to format the card - we will copy our own image over the files it creates, but if you just wanted to boot the Ultra96_V2 out of the box this will do that as it copies Avnet's files to the SD card for you. The process of manually moving the files over to the SD card is a good skill to have as you may create your own boot images down the line and must understand the process.

If you've used Linux tools like GParted in the past, please move to the second method.

  • 2nd method. If you're familiar with Linux tools such as fdisk, GParted, gnome-disks etc. Format the SD Card with the following layout. If you've never used these to format an SD card then using the first method is easier.

  • Partition 1:

  • Format: FAT32

  • Size: 1GB

  • Label: BOOT

  • Partition 2:

  • Format: ext4

  • Size: 4GB or more

  • Label: root

Copy Boot files

Change folders to you project folder.

cd /plxprjs/Ultra96_V2/images/linux

if you used a different name, use your folder where I have /plxprjs/Ultra96_V2/

Now we will copy the boot.bin to our flash drive

cp BOOT.BIN /media/{user}/BOOT 

NOTE: Where it says "{user}" change to your mount point which can be located by looking at the properties of your mounted flash drive - this could be your user name or computer name.

cp image.ub /media/{user}/BOOT

Flash rootfs Partition


1st method

First delete any files that might be on the partition

sudo rm -rf /media/{user}/root/*

Then Flash the root file system

sudo tar -xf rootfs.tar.gz -C /media/{user}/root

NOTE: Where it says "{user}" change to your mount point which can be located by looking at the properties of your mounted flash drive


2nd method

This method uses a low level DD copy directly to the drive so there is no need to clear the files. You can discover what your drive is by hooking up your USB to the computer and typing in this command.

ls /dev/sd*
OUTPUT - you can see all the drives
/dev/sda  /dev/sda1  /dev/sdb  /dev/sdb1  /dev/sdb2

Now copy the root file system

sudo dd if=rootfs.ext4 of=/dev/sdb2 sync

At this point you have successfully flashed the root partition with the new file system


Booting the Ultra96 V2 with the new root file system installed


#1 Place SD card into the Ultra96 SD drive port


#2 Connect the USB cable to the Ultra96


#3 Connect the USB cable to your host machine and make sure that it is connected (If you're using a VMware session this is under VMware removable devices and must be connected using USB 3.0




#4 Change the switches on SW3 for SD card as shown below (we will do a JTAG boot in a later blog post)


#5 Open up a terminal and set the file path to Petalinux 2018.3

source /opt/pkg/petalinux/2018.3/settings.sh 

#6 Check available serial ports

ls -l /dev/ttyUSB*

Should look like something like this...

crw-rw---- 1 root dialout 188, 1 Apr 28 13:36 /dev/ttyUSB1

#7 Setup Minicom and launch

sudo minicom -s

#8 Edit the serial port to match the output of the connected port


            +-----[configuration]------+
            | Filenames and paths      |
            | File transfer protocols  |
            | Serial port setup        |
            | Modem and dialing        |
            | Screen and keyboard      |
            | Save setup as dfl        |
            | Save setup as..          |
            | Exit                     |
            | Exit from Minicom        |
            +--------------------------+
 A -    Serial Device      : /dev/ttyUSB1  

verify hardware flow is "No"

F - Hardware Flow Control : No   

Save as dfl file

 Save setup as dfl 

Exit and that will launch the Minicom terminal.


#9 Power on the Ultra96 and watch it boot in the minicom terminal




Starting Telephony daemon
Starting Linux NFC daemon
Starting tcf-agent: OK

PetaLinux 2018.3 ultra96v2-oob-2018-3 /dev/ttyPS0

ultra96v2-oob-2018-3 login: root
Password: 

Congratulations, you have successfully booted the Ultra 96 V2 off the new root file system.








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